Chardham And Chotha Chardham Temples In India
Chaardham means "Four Dhams" i.e. "Four religious places". Chardham is also a popular collective term used for tourist circuit covering Holy hindu pilgrimage centres of Badrinath, Kedarnath, Gangotri and Yamunotri. The Chardham in Uttarakhand which is also known as the Chhota Chardham is considered as the most sacred religious place which is a must visit destination for the Hinduism follower to get rid of their sins and pave the path to the ultimate goal of the human life - the Moksha, redemption from the cycle of birth. The journey to these religious destinations in Uttarakhand is considered as the must-visit sacred place on earth at least once in a life for every Hindu follower. The Chardham in Uttarakhand is known as the combination of four sacred places which are Yamunotri, Gangotri, Kedarnath, and Badrinath.
The actual Char Dham in India refers to the bigger circuit of Chardham which includes the four most holy pilgrimage of Hinduism in India, which are Badrinath, Dwarka, Rameswaram, and Puri. These holy places are located at the four corners of the India - Badrinath in North, Dwarka in West, Puri in East and Rameswaram in South corner of the Indian landscape. In order to differentiate the Chardham destination in Uttarakhand, it is called as the Chhota Char Dham
Badrinath Badrinarayan Temple :Badrinath Badrinarayan Temple located in Badrinath is the only Shrine which is part of both Chota Char Dham and India Char Dham. Badrinath is one among four pilgrimage centres in four corners of India. Located between the two mountains Nar and Narayan, Badrinath is the most important of all the Char Dhams .Badrinath Temple is one of the 108 Divya Desam Temple of Lord Vishnu .According to Skand Puran the idol of Lord Badrinath was recovered by Adiguru Shankaracharya from Narad Kund and was re-enshrined in the 8th century A.D. in this temple. Skanda Purana describes more about the place: “There are several sacred shrines in heaven, on earth, and in hell; but there is no shrine like Badrinath.”
Gangotri Temple :-Gangotri Temple The Gangotri Temple is dedicated to the goddess Ganga. Gangotri forms one of the four sites of the Chota Char Dham Pilgrimage. Gangotri is one amongst the four pilgrimages which every Hindu must take once in his lifetime. Gangotri located in Uttarkashi district in the state of Uttarakhand . Gangotri Temple is erected near a sacred stone, called Bhagiratha Shila, which is about 50 feet to the left of the temple. King Bhagiratha is said to have sat here to worship Siva, so Lord Siva would take the Ganges on his head. Soon after arti to the deities in the temple, an arati is performed to the holy Ganges River. The temple is open from May to early November.
Kedarnath Temple :- Kedarnath Mahadev Mandir- Kedarnath Kedarnath temple forms one of the four sites of the Chota Char Dham Pilgrimage. Kēdārnāth temple dedicated to Lord Shiva. Kēdārnāth temple is Located on the Garhwal Himalayan range near the Mandakini river .Lord Shiva manifested in the form of Jyotirlingam or the cosmic light. Kedarnath is one of the twelve Jyotirlingas temple. This ancient and magnificient Kedarnath temple is located in the Rudra Himalaya range. This temple, over a thousand years old is built of massive stone slabs over a large rectangular platform.Ascending through the large gray steps leading to the holy sanctums we find inscriptions in Pali on the steps.
Yamunotri Temple :- Yamunotri Temple - Yamunotri Temple forms one of the four sites of the Chota Char Dham Pilgrimage. The sacred shrine of Yamunotri, source of the river Yamuna, is the westernmost shrine in the Garhwal Himalayas, perched atop a flank of Bandar Poonch Parvat. The chief attraction at Yamunotri is the temple devoted to goddess Yamuna and the holy thermal springs at Jankichatti (7 km. Away).
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